Read Widok z ziarnkiem piasku: 102 wiersze by Wisława Szymborska Free Online
Book Title: Widok z ziarnkiem piasku: 102 wiersze|
The author of the book: Wisława Szymborska
ISBN 13: 9788385568285
Edition: Wydawn. a5
Date of issue: 1996
Format files: PDF
The size of the: 17.76 MB
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Reader ratings: 7.8
Read full description of the books:
Nobel poetry! This got under my skin!
I think I owe it partly to this collection that I started loving modern poetry and sharing this love with the next generation.
I remember a class when we read Szymborska's "Some Like Poetry". We took it apart, and wrote our own poems following the same idea and pattern. One student looked at me and said:
"But this doesn't have anything to do with Humanities!"
I remember being worried about this. Why could poetry not express the questions taught in Humanities? So I brought this small collection to class, and we read Szymborska's poem from 1956, titled "Two Monkeys by Brueghel":
I keep dreaming of my graduation exam:
in a window sit two chained monkeys,
beyond the window floats the sky,
and the sea splashes.
I am taking an exam on the history of mankind:
I stammer and flounder.
One monkey, eyes fixed upon me, listens ironically,
the other seems to be dozing--
and when silence follows a question,
he prompts me
with a soft jingling of the chain.
After looking at Breughel's sad and beautiful painting, talking about the situation in Szymborska's home country in 1956, and analysing the different attitudes the two monkeys display, we all sat quiet for a moment, taking in the message from all those different perspectives.
We realised that it was easy to identify with the sarcastic monkey who was staring at the world, thinking it was not worth the effort to care. But all agreed that the other one, seemingly dozing, but then gently jingling his chain, loved mankind more, and had secret hopes for a different future. Otherwise he would not help out!
Ever since then, when I try to find my way through the maze of contemporary politics, I imagine being like the monkey prompting students with that soft jingling of the chain, reminding them of the course of history, that we are studying in the hope of one day making this world a better place. We cannot get rid of the chains of the past, but we can be better at passing the exam of the history of mankind in the future. And by passing that exam, we are less likely to repeat mistakes.
I can't imagine anything more powerful than the combination of Breughel's art and Szymborska's verse to make the chain of history come alive. The only other poet I have experienced in the same way is her fellow Nobel Laureate Seamus Heaney, whose Human Chain left a similar mark on me. When history is made tangible through the medium of poetry, it gets under your skin. Through its language and art it reaches you on an emotional level and enhances the factual, historical knowledge. From year to year, I have expanded the integration of poetry into my history units, and there is no end to the possibilities, once the initial hesitancy to "mix English and Humanities" is overcome. The chain is also a link. Heaney taught me that!
The way Szymborska's short, prosaic poems analyse her time and place in history and yet remain part of a universal, human quest for truth is simply breath-taking.
Love it! I'll jingle the chain to remind you all of this gem!
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Read information about the authorWisława Szymborska (Polish pronunciation: [vʲisˈwava ʂɨmˈbɔrska], born July 2, 1923 in Kórnik, Poland) is a Polish poet, essayist and translator. She was awarded the 1996 Nobel Prize in Literature. In Poland, her books reach sales rivaling prominent prose authors—although she once remarked in a poem entitled "Some like poetry" [Niektórzy lubią poezję] that no more than two out of a thousand people care for the art.
Szymborska frequently employs literary devices such as irony, paradox, contradiction, and understatement, to illuminate philosophical themes and obsessions. Szymborska's compact poems often conjure large existential puzzles, touching on issues of ethical import, and reflecting on the condition of people both as individuals and as members of human society. Szymborska's style is succinct and marked by introspection and wit.
Szymborska's reputation rests on a relatively small body of work: she has not published more than 250 poems to date. She is often described as modest to the point of shyness. She has long been cherished by Polish literary contemporaries (including Czesław Miłosz) and her poetry has been set to music by Zbigniew Preisner. Szymborska became better known internationally after she was awarded the 1996 Nobel Prize. Szymborska's work has been translated into many European languages, as well as into Arabic, Hebrew, Japanese and Chinese.
In 1931, Szymborska's family moved to Kraków. She has been linked with this city, where she studied, worked, and still resides, ever since.
When World War II broke out in 1939, she continued her education in underground lessons. From 1943, she worked as a railroad employee and managed to avoid being deported to Germany as a forced labourer. It was during this time that her career as an artist began with illustrations for an English-language textbook. She also began writing stories and occasional poems.
Beginning in 1945, Szymborska took up studies of Polish language and literature before switching to sociology at the Jagiellonian University in Kraków. There she soon became involved in the local writing scene, and met and was influenced by Czesław Miłosz. In March 1945, she published her first poem Szukam słowa ("I seek the word") in the daily paper Dziennik Polski; her poems continued to be published in various newspapers and periodicals for a number of years. In 1948 she quit her studies without a degree, due to her poor financial circumstances; the same year, she married poet Adam Włodek, whom she divorced in 1954. At that time, she was working as a secretary for an educational biweekly magazine as well as an illustrator.
During Stalinism in Poland in 1953 she participated in the defamation of Catholic priests from Kraków who were groundlessly condemned by the ruling Communists to death. Her first book was to be published in 1949, but did not pass censorship as it "did not meet socialist requirements." Like many other intellectuals in post-war Poland, however, Szymborska remained loyal to the PRL official ideology early in her career, signing political petitions and praising Stalin, Lenin and the realities of socialism. This attitude is seen in her debut collection Dlatego żyjemy ("That is what we are living for"), containing the poems Lenin and Młodzieży budującej Nową Hutę ("For the Youth that Builds Nowa Huta"), about the construction of a Stalinist industrial town near Kraków. She also became a member of the ruling Polish United Workers' Party.
Like many Polish intellectuals initially close to the official party line, Szymborska gradually grew estranged from socialist ideology and renounced her earlier political work. Although she did not officially leave the party until 1966, she began to establish contacts with dissidents. As early as 1957, she befriended Jerzy Giedroyc, the editor of the influential Paris-based emigré journal Kultura, to which she also contributed. In 1964 s
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